8 may 2024

The gut microbiome in alcohol use disorder and alcohol-associated liver disease: A systematic review of clinical studies

Evidence suggests that a relationship exists between the gut microbiome and the pathogenesis of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and alcohol-associated liver disease (AALD). This systematic review identified studies that investigated the gut microbiome in individuals with an AUD or an AALD. A search was conducted on October 27, 2022, in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases. Fifty studies satisfied eligibility criteria. Most studies found evidence for gut dysbiosis in individuals with AUD and AALD. Microbiome intervention studies have mostly been conducted in AALD patients; fecal microbial transplant interventions show the most promise. Because most studies were conducted cross-sectionally, the causal relationship between the gut microbiome and alcohol use is unknown. Furthermore, almost all studies have been conducted in predominantly male populations, leaving critical questions regarding sex differences and generalizability of the findings. The study summaries and recommendations provided in this review seek to identify areas for further research and to highlight potential gut microbial interventions for treating AUD and AALD.

Additional Info

  • Authors

    Grodin E. N.; Burnette E. M.; Rodriguez C.; Fulcher J. A.; Ray L. A.
  • Issue

    Periodical: Alcohol Clin Exp Res (Hoboken) - Edition: 20240508
  • Published Date

    8 may 2024