The ultimate goal of diabetes management is to minimize complications and maintain quality of life in the context of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management and patient-centered care. This includes lifestyle management and diabetes self-management education and support.
In contrast to current pharmacological guidelines, which are patient-centered and evidence based, lifestyle guidelines still carry potential for improvement. Despite current best evidence from prospective controlled trials showing, that moderate wine consumption is associated with survival benefi t, reduced risk of cardiovascular endpoints in both subjects with and without diabetes as well as reduced diabetes incidence in the context of the mediterranean diet, translation into clinical practice is unsatisfactory.
Patients with diabetes and prediabetes need balanced and accurate information so they can make informed decisions about the risk-benefi t balance of the traditional mediterranean drinking pattern and translate it into their personal lifestyle and diabetes self-management – if applicable and suitable. In this regard, balanced analysis of the available evidence as a counterbalance to notorious myths is necessary.
This requires consideration of the broader context of european art of living, of direct and indirect effects of ethanol on glucose and lipid metabolism, distinction between harmful (binge drinking) and benefi cial (regular with meals) drinking patterns, distinction between distilled (spirits) and fermented (wine and beer) beverages, appreciation of the phenomenon of dose-dependent effect reversal (hormesis or J-curve), which is common to all alcoholic beverages and fi nally respect of ethnical and regional as well as gender- and age-related differences.
IssueJournal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Cardiology. 7. 152-156.
Published Datemay 2020
- The Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption, BMI, and Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-analysis
- Yearly attained adherence to Mediterranean diet and incidence of diabetes in a large randomized trial
- You are What You Drink? How Associations Between Profiles of Beverage Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes Risk are Mediated by Biomarker Networks
- Dose-dependent Association of Alcohol Consumption With Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: Mendelian Randomization Analyses
- A cross-over study of postprandial effects from moist snuff and red wine on metabolic rate, appetite-related hormones and glucose