2016

Alcohol as Food/Calories

There has been a call for reduced alcohol consumption among Americans in recent years as many drink above the recommended moderate drinking guidelines. Specifically, national public health goals include reducing the proportion of persons engaging in heavy episodic drinking and excessive drinking, as well as reducing the overall annual alcohol consumption. American dietary guidelines assert alcohol-attributed calories should be limited as alcohol is grouped into the allotment of calories associated with non-nutrient-dense foods. Based on current consumption trends, alcohol will likely remain a significant contributor to the overall caloric intake and diet of persons in the USA. This paper outlines the ramifications of alcohol as food/calories and also discusses evidence which highlights behaviors that people engage to offset consumption of alcohol-related calories. Implications include a discussion on how alcohol influences metabolic processes, results in an imbalanced diet, and exhibits a potential to lead to both malnutrition and weight gain.

Additional Info

  • Authors

    Barry A.E.; Merianos A.I:
  • Issue

    Current Addiction Reports 02/2016; DOI: 10.1007/s40429-016-0085-z
  • Published Date

    2016