14 may 2014

Is a specific drinking pattern a consistent feature of the Mediterranean diet in Spain in the XXI century?

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Over the last 50 years, people in Spain have increasingly been eating their main meal away from home and are shifting from the typical Mediterranean diet (MD). In addition, wine consumption has decreased whereas beer intake has risen. Consequently, it is uncertain if the Mediterranean drinking patternThe Mediterranean diet, which includes moderate consumption of wine, is considered ... (MDP; moderate alcohol intake mainly from wine and during meals) is a habitual feature of the MD today.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional studyThe defining feature of a cross-sectional study is that it can compare different population groups a... conducted from 2008 to 2010 among 8894 individuals representative of the Spanish population aged 18-64 years. Consumption of alcoholic beverages and food was collected with a validated diet history. Accordance with the MD was defined as a score >/=8 on the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) or >/=5 in the Trichopoulou index (after excluding alcohol intake from both indices). Among individuals with MEDAS-based MD accordance, only 17.1% had a MDP. After adjustment for potential confounders, this drinking pattern showed a weak association with higher MD accordance (odds ratio (OR) 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-1.57). Only 14.7% of those with Trichopoulou-based MD accordance had a MDP; this pattern showed an even weaker association with higher MD accordance (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.01-1.36). Similar results were obtained when this drinking pattern was redefined to include persons who drank wine with or outside of meals, as well as those who were primarily beer drinkers.

CONCLUSIONS: The MDP is not a habitual feature of the MD in the early XXI century in Spain.

Additional Info

  • Authors

    Leon-Munoz L.M.; Galan I.; Valencia-Martin J.L.; Lopez-Garcia E.; Guallar-Castillon P.; Rodriguez-Artalejo F.
  • Issue

    Nutr.Metab Cardiovasc.Dis. / pages 00133-1 / volume S0939-4753(14)
  • Published Date

    14 may 2014