september 2023

Association of alcohol and bone mineral density dependent on type of alcohol consumed

INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevalence will increase in coming decades, with significant financial and economic implications. Whilst alcohol excess has significant detrimental impacts on bone mineral density (BMD), knowledge of low-volume consumption is inconsistent. Type of alcohol may mediate impact on BMD and warrants further investigation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were drawn from the Florey Adelaide Male Aging Study, a cohort of community dwelling men from Adelaide, Australia (n = 1195). The final cohort (n = 693) provided information regarding alcohol consumption and undertook BMD scan at wave one (2002-2005) and wave two (2007-2010). Cross-sectional and longitudinal multivariable regression was performed for whole-body and spine BMD. To assess change in exposure over time, change in BMD was compared to change in covariates between waves.

RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, whole-body BMD was positively associated with obesity (p < 0.001), exercise (p = 0.009), prior smoking (p = 0.001), oestrogen concentration (p = 0.001), rheumatoid arthritis (p = 0.013) and grip strength (p < 0.001). No association was identified with volume of differing types of alcohol consumed. Spinal BMD was inversely associated with low-strength beer consumption (p = 0.003). The volume of alcohol consumed at Wave 1 did not predict change in whole-body or spinal BMD; however, increases in full-strength beer consumption between waves were associated with reduced spinal BMD (p = 0.031).

CONCLUSION: When consumed at quantities in the usual social range, alcohol was not associated with whole-body BMD. However, low-strength beer consumption was inversely related to spinal BMD.

Additional Info

  • Authors

    Peel A.; Jesudason D.; Martin S.; Wittert G.
  • Issue

    Periodical: J Bone Miner Metab - Volume: 41 - Number: 5 - Edition: 20230706
  • Published Date

    september 2023