Association between alcohol consumption and latent fasting blood glucose trajectories among midlife women

BACKGROUND: This investigation sought to elucidate the correlations between alcohol intake and trajectories of fasting blood glucose (FBG) among American women in midlife.

METHODS: Our analysis was rooted in the foundational data from the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN), a comprehensive longitudinal study centered on US women during their midlife transition. We employed group-based trajectory modeling to chart the FBG trajectories spanning from 1996 to 2005. Employing logistic regression, we gauged the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to draw connections between initial alcohol consumption and FBG trajectory patterns, whilst controlling for predominant potential confounders.

RESULTS: Our cohort comprised 2,578 women in midlife, ranging in age from 42 to 52, each having a minimum of three subsequent FPG assessments. We discerned two distinct FBG trajectories: a low-stable pattern (n = 2,467) and a high-decreasing pattern (n = 111). Contrasted with the low-stable group, our data showcased an inverse relationship between alcohol intake and the high-decreasing FBG trajectory in the fully adjusted model 3. The most pronounced reduction was evident in the highest tertile of daily servings of alcoholic beverages (OR: 0.23, 95% CI: 0.10-0.52, p < 0.001), percentage of kilocalories sourced from alcoholic beverages (OR: 0.30, 95% CI: 0.16-0.58, p < 0.001), and daily caloric intake from alcoholic beverages (OR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.16-0.62, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Moderate alcohol consumption may protect against high FPG trajectories in middle-aged women in a dose-response manner. Further researches are needed to investigate this causality in midlife women.

Additional Info

  • Authors

    Wang X.; Lin S.; Gao P.; Chen J.
  • Issue

    Periodical: Front Public Health - Volume: 12 - Edition: 20240124
  • Published Date