Latest scientific news 27 August 2020

Moderate wine consumption in the context of other lifestyle factors

The research group from the University of Navarra have recently published two additional studies relating to the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) study.

The first study investigated several lifestyle factors and all-cause mortality risk in more than 20,000 participants who were followed up for 10.8 years. A 10-point healthy lifestyle score (HLS) was assigned to the following lifestyle-related factors (some of them less-studied): never smoking, moderate-to-high physical activity, moderate-to-high Mediterranean diet adherence, healthy body mass index, moderate alcohol consumption, avoidance of binge drinking, low TV exposure, taking a short afternoon nap, spending time with friends, working > 40 hours per week. The results showed that in a Mediterranean population, adherence to a comprehensive healthy lifestyle score (HLS), including traditional and less-studied lifestyle factors, was associated with a substantially lower risk of all-cause mortality, reinforcing the importance of adhering to healthy lifestyle habits. Unlike one isolated factor, a score composed of several factors better reflects the influence of various aspects of lifestyle and personal choices and their synergies on mortality risk.

Ruiz-Estigarribia, L et al, 2020, Lifestyle-related factors and total mortality in a Mediterranean Prospective cohort, Am J Prev Med, 000(0000):1-9, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.01.032  

For more information about this article, read the scientific abstract here.

A second study by the same research team investigated the relationship between a healthy lifestyle score (HLS) and the risk of type 2 diabetes. 11,000 participants – initially free of type 2 diabetes – were followed up for 12 years. They evaluated the influence of lifestyle-related factors based on the 10-point healthy lifestyle score on the risk to get type 2 diabetes. They concluded that a higher adherence to a healthy lifestyle score, which includes some factors not typically studied, reduced the risk to get type 2 diabetes by 46% compared with individuals in the lowest HLS category.

Preventive efforts to reduce the diabetes risk in overweight patients (BMI >22 kg/m2) should focus on weight control. However, this score may promote a comprehensive approach to diabetes prevention beyond weight reduction.

Ruiz-Estigarribia, L et al, 2020, Lifestyle behavior and the risk of type 2 diabetes in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort, Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases, 

For more information about this article, read the scientific abstract here.